is Methylphenidate, which is a central nervous system stimulant. It is most often prescribed for psychiatric
disorders and for narcolepsy.
has been classified by the DEA as a schedule II narcotic – meaning that it has
a high risk of addiction, but that it may have some accepted medical uses. Other schedule II narcotics include cocaine,
speed (or methamphetamine), and opiates (including opium, oxycontin, morphine,
brand names for Methylphenidate include Concerta, Metadate CD, Metadate ER, Methylin,
Methylin ER, Ritalin LA, Ritalin-SR and Ritaline.
names for this drug include Vitamin R, Kiddy coke, Jif, R-ball, Rids, Rit, Ritz,
Smart drug, Kibbles and Bits and Pineapple.
was first synthesized in the 1940s and was marketed as Ritalin in the
of Ritalin rose significantly in the 1990s as more Americans were given the
psychiatric diagnosis of ADD and ADHD.
controversy surrounds the use of Ritalin as a medical drug as it has many
similar characteristics to other amphetamines (speed). For many years, several different groups have
fought the prescription to and use of Ritalin by children.
medical tests have shown that children using Ritalin may develop heart
conditions later in life. This is
speeds up the heart along with stimulating the central nervous system.
Ritalin has a long history of abuse and has been sold to both children and
adults by drug dealers as “watered down speed”.
Recent news has reported Ritalin abuse among athletes-reportedly obtaining fake prescriptions for the
drug as various governing organizations have cracked down on amphetamine
use. It has been reported that
scientists have abused the drug to work longer hours.
reports can be found stating that nurses, teachers and pharmacists have stolen Ritalin
from their places of business (teachers even going so far as to confiscate the
drug from student lockers) – these professionals have then turned around and sold
the drugs on the street.
much speculation surrounds Ritalin being a gateway drug. Because of it’s designation as a Schedule II
narcotic, many worry that Ritalin use will lead to illicit drug use.
psychiatrists and medical professionals do not know why Ritalin creates docile
children and adults, many groups and individuals have decided to try
alternative methods to aiding their loved ones in their recovery from ADD and
Side Effects of Ritalin
cause serious side effects such as: heart palpitations, allergic reactions, dangerously
high blood pressure, anorexia, severe headache, blurred vision, hallucinations,
abnormal behavior, violence, confusion or drug dependence.
can severely affect the heart, it is not prescribed to children under 6 years
old unless a doctor decides the potential benefits outweigh the potential
also cause less serious side effects.
These include restlessness, tremors, anxiety, dizziness, insomnia, dry
mouth, diarrhea, loss of appetite, constipation or impotence.
Signs of Overdose
symptoms can include: restlessness, tremor, dry mouth and nose, rapid breathing
or panting, hallucinations, confusion, aggressiveness, nausea, vomiting,
irregular or increased heartbeat, fainting, seizures or death.
Ritalin use can result in addiction after only a short period of use,
withdrawal symptoms are possible when one attempts to cease using. Withdrawal symptoms can include: severe depression,
stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, delirium tremens (or “the shakes”), insomnia,
lethargy, sweating, rapid pulse, hallucinations, anxiety or seizures.
use of Ritalin may also cause the following physical symptoms: growth
suppression, heart problems, kidney or lung problems, toxic paranoia, stroke or
a weakened immune system.
If you are having trouble discontinuing use of
Ritalin, medically prescribed or otherwise, contact us today. We can help.